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Useful Information About Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan - a wonderful sunny country with a rich historical heritage and cultural traditions, located in favorable climatic conditions and affecting the imagination with its picturesque landscapes.

The geographical location of Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan is located between two major rivers of the Republic, which are called the Amu Darya and Syr Darya. These rivers are often mentioned in the ancient books and religious scriptures. The Amudarya River, according to the holy book of Zoroastrians – “Avesto”, in ancient times was called with a cult term Vakhsh - the goddess of water and fertility. The Syrdarya, in the works of ancient Greek historians, was given the name Jaxartes. 
Uzbekistan - a combination of mountain and plain relief. Mountain and foothill landscapes occupy about a third of the entire country and are located in the Eastern and South-Eastern part of the country. The highest point in Uzbekistan reaches 4643 meters and was first officially conquered in 2010. The name of the peak is still not confirmed. Mountains of Uzbekistan attracted the attention of tourists from all over the world and can offer both health and extreme relaxation. The lowest point of Uzbekistan on the sea level is in the Kyzyl-Kum desert and is entitled "Munbulak hollow". It reaches - 12.8 meters. Travelers love this place first of all for its extraordinary beauty and unique natural surprises, for example - the mysterious hydro volcanoes (the region of the exit of underground water). 
Geography of Uzbekistan has a characteristic difference - the country has no access to sea. In the North-East it borders with Kazakhstan in the East and South-East - with Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, in the South - with Afghanistan in the West with Turkmenistan.

Nature of Uzbekistan

The country is rich in variety of flora and fauna. Natural Reserves and National Parks in Uzbekistan are an invaluable heritage and are strictly protected by the authorities and the population. Mostly popular among tourists are: eco-center "Adelia" founded in 1976 to preserve rare kinds of animals; Zaamin Reserve - one of the oldest reserves in Uzbekistan, established in 1926, is a spectacular mountain landscape of juniper forests, alpine meadows and canyons with a variety of wildlife - eagles and falcons, rare snow leopard; the Nurata Reserve, located in Jizzakh region near Nurata mountains, is one of the most mysterious places in Uzbekistan, thanks to detect traces of an ancient civilization, by fascinating rock paintings and crumbling ancient settlements and Kyzyl-Kum Reserve, the territory of which refers to the desert and boasts with more than 200 species of rare birds and animals in them, including the Bukhara deer, protected by the World Wildlife Fund.

Climate of Uzbekistan

The whole country is ruled by a sharp continental climate typical to the interior continents, far from the World Ocean. The main features of this type of climate - a small amount of precipitation, humidity and small snowy winters. Uzbekistan is protected by the majestic mountains of Tien Shan from humidity of the Indian Ocean. Everyone knows that Uzbekistan is a sunny region. It is too hot in summer and the winter is moderately cold. The hottest month is July. Period, when the temperature reaches its maximum, the locals call "Chilya." The air in this period of time warms up to 40 degrees during the day. For many tourists, who are uncomfortable to such a temperature, the heat becomes unbearable, so this period is not the best time for traveling to Uzbekistan. However, at this time, you can go on vacation to the mountains of Uzbekistan and Charvak reservoir. The coldest month of the year in the country is January. Average daytime temperature goes below zero degree on Celsius. Usually, the winter in Uzbekistan lasts about two months.
Spring in Uzbekistan comes swiftly. During this season there are warm winds and occasional showers, mostly mild sunny weather and spectacular flowering fruit trees. Especially blossomed apricots and cherries are beautiful. All these picturesque scenes can be seen not only in rural areas but also in major cities, including the capital - Tashkent. The so-called rainy season in Uzbekistan lasts from November to April, but during this period it receives less than 200 mm of precipitation.

The climate in Uzbekistan is an extreme continental, with mild winters and long hot summers. The most part of the year is quite dry and hot.  The northern part of country is temperate, but the far southern part falls into the sub-torrid zone, where drought, an abundance of heat and light, and a high sun during parts of the year are inherent features.

 

Month

Temperature

Humidity

Rain

 

Maximum

Minimum

AM

PM

mm

January

3 C

-6 C

82

63

53

February

7 C

-3 C

78

58

28

March

12 C

3 C

77

55

66

April

18 C

8 C

72

52

58

May

26 C

13 C

66

42

36

June

31 C

17 C

59

34

13

July

33 C

18 C

63

33

5

August

32 C

16 C

61

32

3

September

27 C

11 C

66

34

3

October

18 C

5 C

76

43

31

November

12 C

2 C

79

55

38

December

7 C

-2 C

79

62

41

The population of Uzbekistan

According to 2012 year, the population of Uzbekistan was about 30 million. As to statistics, the majority of the population is Uzbeks - 80%. The rest of the percentage is the other peoples of the Central Asia (Tajiks, Kazakhs, Karakalpaks, and Kyrgyz). There are many Russian people in Uzbekistan. The growing population in Uzbekistan is uniform. In the country the official language is Uzbek, but in the cities, many people speak Russian. The percentage of Russian-speaking population is 80%. 
As you know, the people of Uzbekistan have a distinctive warmth and hospitality. This was a long time legends. Such features are largely connected with the national traditions and eastern education. Many tourists, who visit the country, say a lot about the kindness and generosity of the Uzbek people. For a visitor this makes traveling to an unfamiliar country even more funny and enjoyable.

Holidays in Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan is perhaps one of the few countries where the New Year is officially celebrated twice a year - January 1, as elsewhere in the world, as well as the vernal equinox on March 21. The beginning of the New Year in Uzbekistan is called Navruz. This holiday has a very long history. The roots of Navruz go far back before writing epoch. In Uzbekistan, the holiday is official; festive concerts, folk festivals and gala dinners are held on this day in the whole country. The traditional dish in Navruz is sumalak.
The International Women's Day, on March 8, is celebrated in Uzbekistan, as well as around the world. There is not any special custom associated with the holiday. People celebrate Memory Day on May 9, in Uzbekistan. This holiday was adopted by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan for memory of those people who died during the World War II. On this day, the sky lights up with bright fireworks at night in Tashkent. You can watch splendid fireworks in the Independence Day of Uzbekistan – on September 1.
One more public holiday and day off for all the inhabitants of Uzbekistan is Teacher's Day, October 1. Another important date for the Republic - is the Constitution’s Day, which comes on December 8.
There are two religious holidays in Uzbekistan – Ramadan and Kurban khayit. These celebrations do not have the exact dates of the celebration. Eid al-Fitr - one of the most important events of the Islamic calendar. This day means the end of the post, held in the holy month of Ramadan. This holiday is widely celebrated in Uzbekistan. Muslims dress up in their best clothes, covered with rich tables; gather all relatives and friends to exchange with gifts. Eid Khayit - Feast of Sacrifice, which is celebrated 70 days after the Eid al-Adha.